La Amistad International Park
La Amistad international Park is located in the Talamanca mountain range, considered the sitema rainforest covered mountains unchanged largest country, with altitudes ranging from 100 meters above sea level, Cerro Kamuk to 3.549 meters and Mount Durika with 3280 meters.
The park was established by Executive Decree No. 13324-A, 4 February 1982. It has an area of 193,929 hectares of land.
It donomina “international” because it extends into the neighboring country of Panama in the territory of which 207,000 hectares are protected.
The park is surrounded by Indíginas Tayni Chirripo reservations, and Talamanca Telire Atlantic, and Indian reservations Ujarrás, nitrates and Cabagra of the Pacific coast of the Cordillera de Talamanca. In 1982, UNESCO declared Biosphere Reserve and La Amistad in 1983 as a World Heritage Site because of its outstanding universal value both in terms of scientific and conservation and natural beauty.
His area includes rainforests, rain and cloud-capped peaks and regions and rock masses where cold marshes are restricted to small areas at high altitudes.
According to the classification of Holdridge life zones in the park are seven life zones and six transition zones.
This feature, which is added to Costa Rica acts as a biological filter part of the bridge between South America and North America, is the great value of the park equipped with a high biodiversity, where there are an extraordinary number of habitats, product differences in altitude, soil, climate and topography, such as moorland, wetlands, oak, strawberry tree, the fern forests and mixed.
Mixed forests or cloud forests, the high coverage and wet over its territory, and includes a large oak tree whose branches are laden with epiphytes.
Ferns are mainly composed of sp Lomaría fern, two meters high and moss Sphagnum sp.
Some of the largest trees include oak, sweet cedar, the amarillón, elm, candelillo, anger rose, cypress and parrot the match.
There were over 263 species of amphibians and reptiles, the most common lizards, salamanders and frogs. Mammals are the tapir, puma, jaguar, white face, ocelot, cacomistle, Tolomuco and jaguarundi.
For its part, the avifauna is represented by 400 species, among which stand the quetzal, crested eagle, black guan, the peak acorn, and harpy eagle.
Notably, the PILA protected middle and upper basins of the rivers Ceibo Cabagra, Mosca, Guineal, Singri and whose main collection basket is the Rio Grande de Térraba in the Pacific region. In rivers of the Atlantic banana stand, Telire, Coen, Lari and Uren, whose main collector is the Sixaola.
The capacity of these basins to provide drinking water to surrounding populations is undeniable, especially as the population grows rapidly.
In addition we must consider that the system favors the incursion of mountain moisture oceans, leading to torrential rains are very consistent, which increases the risk of landslides and floods. Hence the great value to justify the creation and existence of this park.
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